La barbarie des soldats israéliens filmée sur le vif. Par
7 juillet 2007
Un pays, un Etat
Conférence de Madrid, 07.07.07
Boycott Israel? Because
It's Good for You
Gabriel Ash / June 23rd, 2007
Prof. Mahmoud N. Musa by Mrs. Gladys Martines Lopez of the Spanish newspaper
Diagonal July 2006.
click here to read the English
The book of Virginia Tilley The
One-State Solution: A Breakthrough for Peace in the Israeli-Palestinian
Deadlock. University of Michigan Press (May 15, 2005)
Reviewed by Professor Mahmoud N. Musa :
Few people are as qualified to write about the Israeli-Palestinian conflict
as the author of this book. She is a professor of political science with
a PhD from the university of Wisconsin with special emphasis on ethnic
conflict. Further, Dr. Tilley has had twenty years direct experience with
this conflict, including living there for two years. The book, is scholarly,
well-documented, and illustrated with maps. It can serve as an excellent
background for this conflict, and includes a discussion of the important
international actors: the Zionist movement, the Arab States, the United
States of America, Europe, and the United Nations.
Conflicts can be resolved by three ways: prevalence, compromise, and transcendence.
The first alternative of prevalence, that is, of one party totally defeating
the other has failed. Cleansing that land of historic Palestine of one
ethnicity or the other has not been possible and is unthinkable, though
some continue to advocate such a solution.
The second alternative is compromise: the two-state solution, one Jewish,
the other Palestinian. This book convincingly argues that this is not
a viable solution that will bring peace to the area and the world at large.
Some of the reasons are:
1. The identity and mytho-history of both peoples are based on the total
area of historic Palestine. Their collective consciousness will not rest
with a fraction of the land.
2. Demographic mixture: Jews live in large numbers in the West Bank occupying
60% of the lad, and it has become unthinkable that they will vacate the
area. Palestinians constitute 20% of the population of Israel. Any separation
is tantamount to apartheid.
3. Natural resources, especially water, are impossible to divide, and
will continue to be a source of tension. About two-thirds of the water
Israel consumes comes from the aquifer under the West Bank.
4. Economic: the two economies and potentially the labor force are inextricably
linked and interdependent.
5. Politico-legal legitimacy: basing a State on one ethnicity necessarily
results with discrimination. Israel cannot be Jewish and also democratic.
A meta-conflict, such as this one, cannot be resolved with compromise
and needs to be transcended by forming one democratic secular State for
all concerned. After reading this book, I am left convinced of the statement
at the end of Chapter 3: “Hence, the one-state solution is not an option
to be argued. It is an inevitability to be faced.”
This is not to say that this will be an easy solution. Dr. Tilley discusses
the potential difficulties and offers proposals for their resolution.
Rather than endlessly arguing how to divide this small piece of land,
as has been done over the past fifteen years, the energy should be directed
towards forming one-State.
Such a State will open the Arab and Muslim worlds for cultural and economic
exchange. It will also serve as a bridge between the Middle East on one
side and Europe and North American on the other side; contributing to
the peace and stability of the entire world.
With this solution the concept of the “Promised Land” will be transformed
from the physical to the moral. Rather than warring over a piece real
estate, the struggle will be for human rights, justice, and the well-being
of the individual. Could it be this is what the God of Abraham really
meant by the “Promised Land”?
Virginia Tilley by Ian Margo
de Virginia Tilley par Ian Margo