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1- Are you dreaming ?

Sure. But what great political venture didn't start with dreaming? We all need a vision to follow. Zionism was, famously, a dream. Palestinian nationalism has always been a dream. But the one-state dream has viability and moral authority -- the authority of democracy, equal rights, and the rights of indigenous people to a secure life in their homeland. The "dream" of an independent Palestinian state in all of the West Bank and Gaza Strip isn't a dream in this sense -- because of the settlements, it has become a true fantasy. So instead of flogging a dead horse, let's take a lesson from one of the great dreamers of this conflict, Theodor Herzl, and apply it to the one-state mission: "If you will it, it is no dream."


2- Donít you think that a Palestinian State should be created first?

No, this staged approach has only disadvantages, even if the Palestinian State were a viable one. Because, Ö

First, it will not end the conflict over Jerusalem, which would be either Israeli, Palestinian or split between the two States, and this contradicts both Jewish-Israeli and Palestinian identities.

Second, the aquifer that supplies most of the water that Israel uses lies under the West Bank and will be another source of tensions.

Third, borders will always remain a source of contention.

Fourth, it will inevitably generate a new Palestinian political elite that will seek to preserve whatever power it has and block further development towards one State.

Fifth, settlements will not be evacuated and will always be a source of tensions.

Sixth, it will make explicit the Palestiniansí endorsement of Jewish ethnocracy and so make later campaigns for fusion far more difficult both diplomatically and juridically.


3- Wonít the single State become a Muslim ruled State through the democratic procedures and because of the higher birth rate of Muslim population?

The responsability to protect minorities lies first in the hands of the writers of the Constitution. But we can imagine within the democratic frame a veto power for the minorities for issues concerning them. We can also think of district control over local matters.

Besides, birth rates are linked to socio-economic conditions and not to ethnicity. Therefore in a prosperous democratic State, birth rates of the different communities are likely to be similar.


4- Could Jewish economical strength be a threat for the Palestinians?

The responsability for an egalitarian and prosperous economic system lies in the hands of the writers of the Constitution. But what we can say for now is that, until 1947, Jews, Muslims and Christians have been working together both as colleagues in business and enterprises, and as workers. When one looks at society in terms of classes, Jews, Muslims and Christians have things in common. Therefore, a form of social democracy in addition to the political democracy could enable equality in economy. Moreover, the one State should be a major economic asset for all communities. Promising inter-ethnic business opportunities will become widely available in this scenario. The citizens of the new State will be able to open up new market and trade relations with the entire Middle East, which is mostly Arab and Muslim.